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George F. Pinne Autograph Collection 1684-1986 1809-1946
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George F. Pinne Autograph Collection 1684-1986 1809-1946

  • US US-IaGG MS/MS 01.44
  • Collection

The collection includes letters and official documents, some loose, some in binders with the author’s name imprinted in gold on the cover. Also included are invoices and correspondence from vendors: The Scribner Book Store (New York), Dawsons of Pall Mall (London), Documents and Autographs Ltd. (London).

The earliest letters are from Samuel Pepys (1673/4) and the Earl of Spencer (1684). The majority of the documents are from the 19th and early 20th centuries. Included are letters from British statesmen (Disraeli and Gladstone), Queen Victoria, and a variety of famous American and British persons such as Charles Darwin, Charles Dickens, Rockwell Kent, Auguste Rodin, and Teddy Roosevelt.

Included with the collection is a partial inventory of the items in the collection created when the collection was received.

Untitled

Letter from Ellen Terry to Alfred Austin, Poet Laureate, dated 2 July 1903; three leaves, on Tower Cottage, Winchelsea, Sussex stationery. Two letters from Douglas Haig to Maurice, dated 27 December 1919 and 2 February 1920, respectively; one leaf each, both on Eastcott, Kingston Hill, Surrey stationery. Letter from F[rench?] to Shaw[?], dated 11 January 1922; one leaf, on Villa Edelwiss, Cannes stationery. Letter from Admiral David Beatty, later the 1st Early Beatty, to Mr. Phillips, dated 2 June 1919 from Cannes; one folded leaf, on S.Y. Sheelah stationery. Envelope sent from Charles Scribner's Sons, New York City, to Dr. George F. Pinne, Omaha, postmarked 16 March 1965. Letter from Admiral John Jellicoe, later the 1st Earl Jellicoe, to Major-General Sir Frederick Barton Maurice, dated 13 April 1917; one leaf, with the British Royal Crest and Admiralty. S.W. embossed at the top. Envelope sent from Documents and Autographs Limited, London, to Dr. G.F. Pinne, Omaha, postmarked 5 August 1965. Seven letters from Joseph Chamberlain to Frederick William Chesson; the first five dated 4 October, 17 October, 23 October, and 17 November 1878, and 10 April 1979, respectively, and each on a single leaf, folded in half, on Southbourne. Augustus Road. Birmingham stationery; the sixth dated 4 January 1881, on a single leaf folded in half, with the British Royal Crest and Board of Trade. S.W. embossed in red and white at the top, and [...] The heading for docketing at top right corner is in the handwriting of F.W. Chesson[...] written on the back of the letter in an unidentified hand; the seventh dated 17 August 1883, on a single leaf folded in half, on stationery with 40, Prince's Gardens. S.W. embosssed at the top. Letter from Julia Ward Howe to Adam Badeau, Esquire, dated 5 June 18[??], from Boston, on a single leaf folded in half; letter from Julia Ward Howe to Hon. Mr Doolittle (Senator James Rood Doolittle?), dated 12 May 1866, from an unidentified address, on a single leaf folded in half; letter from Dr Samuel Gridley Howe (J.W.'s husband) to Moncure Daniel Conway, dated 25 October 1970, from Newport, on a single leaf folded in half; letter from Dr Samuel Gridley Howe to an unknown recipient (My dear sir), dated Nov. 15 (No. 2, 1833 inscribed in red in an unknown hand at top), on a single leaf. Open letter on Iowa Equal Suffrage Association letterhead, from Evelyn H. Belden, President (unsigned), to My dear friend, dated 1 January 1900, typewritten, on two leaves; open letter on National American Woman Suffrage Association letterhead, signed by Carrie Chapman Catt, Charman of the Committee on Organization, and addressed to the Iowa Suffrage Club, dated 19 March 1900, typewritten, on two leaves; open letter on National American Woman Suffrage Association letterhead, signed by Carrie Chapman Catt, and addressed to Iowa Friends, dated 15 November 1900, typewritten, on one leaf; open letter on National American Woman Suffrage Association letterhead, signed by Kate M. Gordon, Corresponding Secretary, and addressed to Club President Members, dated 29 October 1901, typewritten, on one leaf; two typewritten leaves, one inscribed Press Articles, with headings Equal Suffrage in Practice, Comical Anti Suffragists [sic], and Women Investigate Practical Politics. Twelve letters from Horatio Herbert Kitchener, later the 1st Earl Kitchener, to Mrs Bovill, later Lady Bovill, wife of Sir Elliot Bovill; the first, dated 24 December 1880, on a single leaf folded in half, and with the Kitchener arms(?) (a stag pierced through the neck with an arrow, with the motto Through) embossed in red at the top; the second, dated 12 May 1881, on a single leaf folded in half, and with the Kitchener arms(?) embossed in black at the top; the third, dated 11 November 1881, on a single leaf folded in half, and with the Kitchener arms(?) embossed in red at the top; the fourth, dated 5 November 1884, and addressed from Debbeh, now Ad Dabbah, Sudan, on a single leaf of light-blue paper folded in half, with the British Royal Coat-of-Arms embossed at the top; the sixth, dated 5 May 1887, on a single leaf folded in half, with Goverment House, Suakin [Sudan] embossed at the top; the seventh, dated 2 December 1889, and addressed from Cairo, a single leaf folded in half; the seventh, dated 30 March 1905, on a single leaf folded in half, with Fort William, Calcutta and a K topped by a coronet, all in an oval (to signify Viscount Kitchener?), embossed in blue at the top; the eighth, dated 3 April 1(no year), an a single sheet folded in half, with Sirdarieh, Cairo embossed at the top; the ninth, dated 23 September (no year), on a single sheet folded in half, with Sirdarieh, Cairo embossed at the top; the tenth, dated 30 September(no year), on a single sheet folded in half, with Sirdarieh, Cairo embossed in black at the top; the eleventh, dated 16th July (no year), on a single sheet folded in half, with 17, Belgrave Square embossed in gold at the top; the twelfth, undated, on a single sheet folded in half, with 22, Ryder Street, St James's, S.W. embossed in blue at the top; there is also a fragment of a letter signed by Kitchener; included is an aerogramme, dated 29 July 1965, from Documents and Autographs Limited to Dr. Pinne, describing the Kitchener letters prior to their purchase, and a receipt from Documents and Autographs Limited for Dr. Pinne, dated 5 August 1965. Letter from Henry Irving to an unidentified recipient, with 1888 writted in pencil on the first page, on a single sheet folded in half, with Lyceum Theatre embossed in red at the top. Letter from Major-General Charles George Gordon to Enderby(?), dated Thursday, 11 March 1880, on a single sheet folded in half, written from the Laucon Hotel, Lausanne. Letter from Henry Irving to Lady Mary Jeune, dated 14 February 1893, on a single sheet folded in half, with 15A, Grafton Street, Bond Street, W. embossed in red at the top. Letter from William Ewart Gladstone to Henry Pelham-Clinton, 5th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, dated 14 October 1854 and written from an illegible location, on a single leaf of mourning paper; included in the folder is the front cover of The American Philatelist from June 1965, showing a caricature envelope of Gladstone, with an article about the caricature from the same journal pasted on the verso. Letter from Sir Henry Morton Stanley to Miss Ellaby, dated 1 December 1889, on a single sheet of mourning paper folded in half, with 40, Dover Street, W. embossed in black at the top. Portrait photograph of Major-General Charles George Gordon in full regalia in three-quarters profile, marked London Stereoscophic Comp[an]y in red; also an impression of Gordon's chop or official Chinese seal in red. Letter from Major-General Charles George Gordon to My dear Sir, dated 17 November 1882, on a single sheet of paper folded in half, with the British Royal Crest and War Office inside an oval embossed at the foot of the last page; included in the folder is a receipt from Documents and Autographs Limited to Dr G.F. Pinne, dated 14 July 1966. Letter from Arthur Rackham to Mr Searle, dated 4 February 1937, on a single sheet folded in half, with Stilegate, Limpsfield, Surrey embossed in green at the top and a line-drawing of a bird in ink and signed AR on the recto of the second leaf; folder includes a typewritten transcription. Letter from Lord John Russel, 1st Earl Russell, to one of his three sons (My dear Boy), dated 23 September 1864 and written from Balmoral, on a single sheet of paper folded in half, with Papa, 25/9/64 inscribed in pen on the verso of the second leaf; folder includes a phographic portrait (carte de visite?) of Lord Russell. Letter from Lew Wallace to Mr. Clarence H. Bell, Boston, Mass., dated 25 June 1886 and written from Crawfordsville, Indiana, on a single sheet. Letter from Joseph Dalton Hooker to Lyon Playfair, dated 11 February 1870, on a single sheet folded in half, with the British Royal Crest and Royal Gardens Kew in an oval embossed at the top; found laid in Himalayan journals by Joseph Dalton Hooker, DS485.H6 H8 1891 Vault. Letter from Paul Nash to Mr Wilson, undated and written from Oxenbridge Cottage, Iden, Sussex, on two sheets; folder includes a seller's description. Letter from Field Marshal Garnet Joseph Wolseley, 1st Viscount Wolseley, to Mr Monck, dated 16 February 1892 and written from Dublin, on a single sheet of mourning paper folded in half, with the British Royal Crest embossed in black and white at the top. Letter from Field Marshal Sir Henry Evelyn Wood to F. Wilson, dated 26 August 1900 and written from the War Office, on a single sheet of paper folded in half, with Lockinge House Mantage, Berks. (crossed out in pen) and a W with a coronet over it embossed in blue at the top. Letter from August Rodin to Alphonse Legros, dated 19 March 1882, on a single sheet of paper folded in half; seller's description pasted onto the lower board of the folder. Letter from Charles Lyell, later Sir Charles, 1st Baronet, to Sir Richard Owen, dated 20 January 1837, on a single sheet. Letter from Sir Edward Grey, 1st Viscount Grey of Falloden, to Sir Reginald Talbot, dated 31 March 1920 and written from Gordenbush[?], Brora, Sutherland, on a single sheet folded in half. Letter from Cardinal Henry Manning to Sir Andrew Clarke, dated 17 August 1889, on two sheets folded in half, Archbishop's House, Westminster, S.W. embossed in black on the recto of the first leaf of each sheet; folder includes receipt from Documents and Autographs Limited for Dr G.F. Pinne, dated 3 January 1967. Letter from Sir Austen Henry Layard to My dear Ilwin[?], dated 11 June 1881, on a single sheet folded in half, with 3, Savile Row, W. embossed in black at the top and Private inscribed in pen above the address. Letter from Cardinal John Henry Newman to Miss Croft Brooke, dated 10 August 1879, on a single sheet. Letter from Booth Tarkington to Clarence Rugers, Jr., of Lar[...]nt, New York, dated 11 April 1914, on a single sheet folded in half, with 1100 North Pennsylvania Street, Indianapolis, Indiana embossed in black at the top. Letter from Oliver Wendell Holmes to My dear Sir, dated 16 July 1876 and writted from Boston, on a single sheet folded in half. Letter from Bram Stoker to Mr Victor[?], dated 24 October 1890, on a single sheet folded in half, with Lyceum Theatre embossed at the top; found laid in Dracula by Bram Stoker, PR6037.T617 D7 1897 Vault. Letter from Charles Reade to an unidentified recipient, dated 17 September (no year) and written from 6 Boston Row, Mayfair, London (W), on a single sheet folded in half; found laid in The Cloister and the hearth by Charles Reade, PR5214.C5 1861 v.1-3 Vault. Letter from Paul Morton, Secretary of the Navy from 1904-1905, to Mr. Zabriskie, dated 26 June (no year), on a single leaf, with Office of the Secretary of the Navy printed at the top. Letter from Rockwell Kent to Alfred De Sauty of Chicago, dated 26 November 1930, on a single leaf, with a red insignia at the top containing a tree and the sender's name, and Ausable Forks, NY in red at the foot. Letter from Captain Robert Fitzroy, later Vice-Admiral Fitzroy, to Thomas Stilwell of 22 Arundel Street, Strand, dated 11 August 1829 and written from San Carlos de Chiloe, on a single leaf folded in half; the sheet has a watermark showing a postal horn within a decorative shield, topped by a crown, and with an intertwining motif below, perhaps incorporating the initial W; 890 Puttick 1867 inscribed in pencil at the top of the first page; included in the folder is a receipt from Dawsons of Pall Mall to Dr George F. Pine [sic], dated 25 November 1965 and also a seller's description, stamped Dec 1965, which describes the letter as being with Sir Thomas Phillipps's pencil note of purchase at Puttick's in 1847. Letter from Charles Dickens to Denis Florence MacCarthy, dated Wednesday, 27 April 1870, on a single leaf folded in half, with Gad's Hill Place, Higham by Rochester, Kent embossed in blue at the top; folder contains seller's description mounted on black paper, describing it as accompained by the original stamped envelope in Dickens's hand, though this is not present, and with Argosy, 1959 inscribed on the description in red pen. Letter from Charles Darwin to an unnamed recipient, dated 4 November 1876, on a single leaf, with Down, Beckenham, Kent embossed in black at the top. Typewritten letter, dictated and signed by Theodore Roosevelt, to Frederick R. Smith of Binghamton, New York, dated 5 October 1898 and sent from Oyster Bay, Long Island, on a single leaf; watermark reads Monitor Linen. Typewritten letter from General John Joseph Pershing to George Lewys of New York City, dated 12 December 1928, on a single leaf, with John J. Pershing, Washington embossed in blue-black at the top. Typewritten letter from Henry Louis Mencken to Mr. Stewart, dated 16 January 1946, on a single leaf, with H.L. Mencken 1524 Hollins St., Baltimore-23 embossed in black at the top. Two letters from Benjamin Disraeli; the first letter from Disraeli to My dearest, dated Monday and signed D, on a single sheet folded in half; folder includes hand-written description of the letter; the second letter from Disraeli as Chancellor of the Exchequer to Mrs Spencer (wife of Aubrey George Spencer, Bishop of Jamaica), dated 9 December 1867, on a single sheet folded in half, with the British Royal Crest and Chancellor of the Exchequer, Downing St, S.W. in an oval embossed in blue at the top, which is crossed out and has Grosvenor Gate inscribed in pen above it; folder includes hand-written description of the letter; the folder also includes a magazine clipping of 30 September 1967 discussing Disraeli. Manuscript Whisky return for the 4th Sub Legion for the 9th 10th November, 794, inclusive, signed by Lieutenant William Clark, among others, on a single sheet that was torn from a larger document; included in the folder is a newspaper clipping from the World-Herald Magazine of 22 July 1956, with headline Explorer Clark in 1806 Left His Calling Card Carved on Stone, concerning Clark's inscription on Pompey's Pillar near Billings, Montana. Letter from Marshal Jacques MacDonald, Duke of Tarente and Chancellor of the Legion of Honour, to Monsieur le Curé, dated 8 June 1819, on a single sheet, with Paris printed at the top, Grand Chancellerie de l'Ordre royal de la Légion d'honneur and 3e Division, Recettes et Dépenses de l'Ordre printed in the upper right-hand corner, and 2099 added in manuscript after printed No.. Letter from John G. Wheltin[?] to an unnamed recipient, dated 5 May 1881 and written from Amesbury [Massachusetts], on a single, lined sheet, with a woman's head in left profile with Liberty on her headband embossed on the upper left-hand corner. Small card (8.5 x 5.25 cm) signed by Samuel Langhorne Clemens with his real name as well as his pseudonym, Mark Twain; found pasted into A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court by Mark Twain, PS1308.A1 1889 c.2 Vault. Small card (9.5 x 4.5 cm) signed by Samuel Langhorne Clemens with his pseudonym, Mark Twain; found in Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (Tom Sawyer's Comrade) by Mark Twain, PS1305.A1 1885 Vault. Folder of miscellaneous items: engraved business card of Mr. Marshall E. McArthur, found laid in an unidentified book; article from the Time Literary Supplement of Thursday, 11 January 1968, by Alan G. Thomas, with headline Phillipps in the Saleroom describing the sale of manuscripts.

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Letter from Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, later Prime Minister, as Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, to Granville Leveson-Gower, later 2nd Earl of Granville, as Undersecretary of State for Foreign Affairs, dated 21 March 1840 and written from the Foreign Office, on a single sheet folded in half; biographical notes on sender and recipient in pencil on the verso of the second leaf; folder includes manuscript transcription of letter in pencil. Letter from Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, later Prime Minister, dated 30 October 1852 and written from Broadlands (Hampshire), on a single sheet folded in half; folder includes manuscript transcription of letter in pencil. Provision de Chancelier de la Reine pour le Sr. Marquis de Paulmy (Marc-René de Voyer, Marquis de Paulmy and 3rd Marquis d'Argenson) signed by King Louis XVI of France and Navarre, dated 12 May 1774, on a large sheet of parchment, with Louis, par la grace de Dieu, Roy de France et Navarre printed at the top and Par le Roy printed on the verso. [In Manuscripts Oversize File]. Letter from Samuel Pepys, Secretary of the Admiralty, to My Lord and Gentl[eme]n, dated 1 January 1673/4 and written from Whitehall, on a single sheet with a watermark of a post-horn within a decorative shield; inner margin silked, not affecting the text; folder includes a nineteenth-century engraving of Pepys, signed Sherborn f[eci]t[?], 1885, as well as a seller's description, headed Sending troops to Ireland. Letter from King William IV of the United Kingdom to General Rowland Hill, 1st Viscount Hill of Almaraz, dated 19 October 1834 and written from Windsor Castle, on a single leaf folded in half, with an unidentified watermark; The King, 19. Oct 1834, Col. Lindesay, 39 R[e]g[imen]t, and Letter to Lord W[illia]m Bentinck, 22 Oct 1834, Cl.[?] inscribed in pen on the verso of the second leaf. Letter from Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, to Charles Sumner, Bishop of Winchester, dated 18 March 1858 and written from 94 Piccadilly, London, on a single leaf folded in half; Lord Palmerston to the Bishop of Winchester, Dr Sumner inscribed in pen in a different hand at the head of recto of the first leaf. Letter from Lieutenant -Colonel Charles Gordon, later Major-General Gordon, to Sir Charles Wilson, dated 30 December 1869 and written from Graveshead, on a single sheet of light-blue paper (perhaps cut from a larger sheet), with the British Royal Crest in an oval embossed at the top; Col.[?] Gordon. C.G.[?]. Russian maps inscribed in pen in another hand at the head of the recto of the leaf; folder includes seller's description. Letter from John Bright to W.H. Burnett of Midhurst, dated 24 August 1875 and written from Rothdale, on a single sheet folded in half. Letter from Sir Charles Lyell, later 1st Baronet Lyell of Kinnordy, to W. Donne, dated 8 April 1856, on a single sheet of mourning paper. Letter written in pencil from General Horatio Gouverneur Wright to Colonel Edward H. Wright, dated 16 May 1864 at 9.30 pm, on a single sheet folded in half, with Headquarters Sixth Army Corps embossed in black at the top of the recto of the first leaf, and a crest topped with a crown embossed in the upper left-hand corner of the recto of the first leaf; Col Edward Wright, care Senator W[illia]m Wright, Washington D.C. inscribed on the verso of the second leaf; according to the seller's description pasted to the folder, the letter describes the Battle of Bloody Angle. Letter from Lieutenant-General Frederick Sleigh Roberts, later Field Marshal and 1st Earl Roberts, to Mrs Carter, dated 13 July 1885, on a single sheet folded in half, with Snowdon, Ootacamand embossed in black at the top of the recto of the first leaf. Draft of the memorial to John Brown by Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, circa 1883, on a single sheet of mourning paper, with a line-drawing of a possible memorial stone (?) on the verso; in the Queen's hand, but not including her signature. Letter from Prince Albert Edward, the future King Edward VII of the United Kingdom, to Lieutenant-Colonel William Coutts Keppel, 7th Earl of Albermarle, Viscount Bury, and Member of Parliament for Wick Burghs (and father-in-law of the future royal mistress, Alice Keppel), dated 16 June 1864, on a single sheet of mourning paper folded in half, with Marlborough House and the prince's crest with the intertwined initials AE printed at the top of the recto of the first leaf; folder includes mourning envelope with the prince's crest printed on the back, and addressed (in a different hand?) to Lt. Colonel The Viscount Bury M.P., 48, Rutland Gate and with the initials(?) F.M(?) inscribed in the lower right-hand corner. Letter from Henry Edward Manning, future Archbishop of Westminster and Cardinal Priest, as Archdeacon of Chichester, to Horatio Nelson, 3rd Earl Nelson, dated 13 December 1850, and written from 44, Cadogan Place, on a single sheet folded in half, with a small oval embossed in the upper left-hand corner; Private is inscribed in pen above the salutation on the recto of the first leaf. Letter from Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet, and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, to James Milnes Gaskell, Member of Parliament for Wenlock, dated 3 September 1841, and written from Whitehall(?), on a single sheet folded in half, with the watermark J Whatman, 1841. Letter from Field Marshal FitzRoy James Henry Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan, to Lord John Russell, later 1st Earl Russell, as Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, dated 18 December 1854, Before Sevastopol, on a single sheet folded in half; Lord Raglan, Dec. 18 inscribed in pen on the verso of the second leaf (from when it was folded for transport); folder includes a seller's description. Letter from Lord Edward Smith-Stanley, later 14th Earl of Derby, as Chief Secretary for Ireland, to Francis William Caulfeild, 2nd Earl of Charlemont, dated 11 December 1832 and written from Towneley, on a single sheet folded in half, with the watermark J Davis 1831; folder also contains seller's description. Printed notice, signed by Sir Joseph Banks, President of the Royal Society, dated 15 July 1819, on a single leaf, with the watermark J Dickinson Co. [...]; the notice announces an upcoming meeting of the Royal Society, in consequence of the death of Samuel Lysons, who was the Treasurer at the time. Notice of the promotion of Henry Littlehales Barker to be an officer in the Land Forces, dated 23 February 1885 and signed at the court at Saint James's Palace by Queen Victoria (Victoria R.I.) and Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Chief Secretary for Ireland and future Prime Minister of the United Kingdom; on a single sheet of paper, this engraved notice was printed by Warrington and Company, London, and the appropriate blanks were filled in by hand; a diamond-shaped piece of light-blue paper is affixed to the notice, with the Queen Victoria's arms embossed on it, retaining remnants of red ink; a light-red-and-white stamp with foliage and flowers surmounted by the Royal crown is embossed below, with one pound ten shillings and E [fleur-de-lis] on it; small circular stamp in black ink below, with Chief Office, 18.5.85 and the Royal crown on it; 13 printed at the top of the sheet; Barker was to take up his new rank on 28 February 1885. Letter from Lieutenant-General Sir Arthur Wellesley, later Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and 1st Duke of Wellington, to Admiral Maurice Berkeley, later First Sea Lord of the British Navy and 1st Baron FitzHardinge, dated 25 April 1809 at 4 pm, and written from Lisbon, on a single leaf folded in half, with a watermark of a fleur-de-lis within a crest surmounted by a crown and with the date 1808 below; Private inscribed in ink on the recto of the first leaf and 25 April 1809 -- Private, Sir Arthur Wellesley inscribed in ink on the verso of the second leaf; folder includes a seller's description and a receipt from Folio Fine Art, Ltd, London, to Dr. G. Pinne, dated 25 September 1968. Declaration, signed by Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne, Marshal of France, dated 6 April 1645, and signed at Wildentierbach, on a single sheet folded in half, with a watermark of a lion with its paw on an orb surmounted by a cross (?) and an F with three circles below (?); pertains to the protection of Ansbach and the commander, de Roger; also signed Par Monseigneur Libot and containing the remnants of a red wax seal with the arms of Turenne (?); Turenne is described as the General of the Army of the King in Germany at the head of the document; folder includes a receipt from The Folio Society Collector's Corner, London, to M[r] G. F. Pinne, Esq., dated 4 July 1964. Contemporary copy of a letter from Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland and Lord Lieutenant of Warwickshire, future Lord President of the Council, to My Lords Gentlemen, dated 2 February 1684/5, at 5 pm, and written from Whitehall, on a single leaf, with a watermark of a post-horn within a crest and the initials HG below; ed(?) inscribed in pen at the foot of the recto and L[o]rd Sunderlands [sic] lett[e]r inscribed in pen on the verso; the letter is described as a contemporary copy on the seller's label on the back of the protective paper folder; the letter was written by Sunderland to prevent concern over and rumors about the gravity of an apoplectic fit suffered by King Charles II on that day, though the King did indeed four days later at Whitehall. Letter from General John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, and later Prince of Mindelheim, to Sir Charles Hedges, Secretary of State to the Northern Department, dated 22 April 1704 and written from the Hague, on a single sheet of paper, with a watermark containing the initials HIB; Du[ke] or Marlbo[rough], Apr[il] 22. 1704, K.14 inscribed in pen on the verso of the second leaf; folder contains seller's desription. Letter from Sir William Gordon-Cumming, 4th Baronet, to Lady Charley, presumably the wife of Lord Charles Beresford, later 1st Baron Beresford, dated 23 January 1885, on a single leaf; this letter describes events associated with the Khartoum Relief Force; folder includes seller's description and a receipt from Documents and Autographs Limited, London, to Dr G.F. Pinne, dated 6 October (?), 1967. Letter from Jacques Offenbach to an unknown recipient (Mon cher ami), dated 4 March 1863, on a single leaf folded in half, on letterhead printed with Théatre des Bouffes-Parisiens -- Administration; folder includes seller's description, which says that in the letter Offenbach writes of the immense success of his operetta Les Bavards [...] then goes on to talk of the prospects for putting on another of his works, Les Pillules du Diable, and of the availiability of various performers, including Madame Ugalde. A group of letters relating to Lady Flora Hastings, lady-in-waiting to the Duchess of Kent, the mother of Queen Victoria, and the court scandal that surrounded her in 1839; the first letter is from Lady Flora Hastings to “Mr. Nile”(?), dated 1 January [1839] and written from Loudoun Castle, on a single sheet (no signature); the second letter is from Andrew Fraser, of Davies Square, Inverness, to Flora Mure-Campbell, Dowager Marchioness of Hastings and 6th Countess of Loudon at Loudoun Castle, dated 19 May 1839 and written from Inverness, on a single sheet folded in half; the recto and verso of the second leaf contain a “Copy of Verses to Lady Flora Hastings”; the address of the Dowager Marchioness, “H 4”(?), and “rec[eive]d, June 1, 1839” inscribed in pen on the verso of the first leaf; “1/2” and “Inverness, May 29, 1839” (in a rectangle) stamped in black and “May 30, 1839, WN[?]” (in a circle) stamped in red on the verso of the first leaf; seal on black wax of a lyre and foliage above an open book on the verso of the first leaf; the third letter is from Hamilton Fitzgerald to Andrew Doyle, Editor of the Morning Herald, dated October 1839 and written from Donington Park, Cavendish Bridge, on a single sheet of paper folded in half, with a partially-visible watermark of a post-horn within a shield topped with a crown; “Mr Fitzgerald, 1839” inscribed in pen on the verso of the second leaf; folder includes two typewritten transcriptions of the letter; the fourth letter is from “M.[?] Normanby” (Lady Maria, wife of Constantine Phipps, 1st Marquess of Normanby?) to “My dearest Libbet[?]”, with no date (most likely 1839), on a single sheet folded in half and the torn-off half of another sheet, with the watermark “JWhatman, 1837”; the letter makes reference to the scandal surrounding “poor Lady Flora”; the letter is enclosed in a paper folder with “A letter of Aunt Normanby about the Lady Flora Hastings scandal at court” inscribed in pen and “[…] 1838 – or 1839” inscribed in pencil on the front and “Lady Normanby about[?] Lady F. Hastings” inscribed in pencil on the back; the folder also includes two typewritten transcriptions of the letter; the last item is a scrap of paper, mounted on another piece of paper, perhaps cut out of a letter, with “The Lady Flora Elizabeth Hastings” (her signature?) and another inscription in pen on the recto, and “Bishopthorpe” (in North Yorkshire) inscribed in ink and another inscription in pencil on the verso. A collection of signatures excised from letters and other documents, from notable personages of the 19th century, mounted on thick paper; the signatures are arranged thus: [first column]. Edward Everett, educator, politician, and 20th Secretary of State. Daniel Webster, politician and 14th and 19th Secretary of State. [?]. John Forsyth, politician and 13th Secretary of State. John Caldwell Calhoun, politician, 10th Secretary of War, 16th Secretary of State, and 7th Vice President. John Young Mason, politician, diplomat, judge, Attorney General, and Secretary of the Navy. handwritten note with “admit the Bearer to the House of Commons Gallery – 19 April 1852.” Ashbury Dickins, Secretary of the Senate. [?]. [second column]. James Buchanan, politician, 17th Secretary of State, and 15th President of the United States. [?]. Abbott Lawrence, businessman, politician, and founder of Lawrence, Massachusetts. John Lothrop Motley, diplomat and historian. Louis M’Lane [McLane], lawyer, politician, ambassador, 10th Secretary of the Treasury, and 12th Secretary of State. [M…?] A. Graham. John Middleton Clayton, politician and 18th Secretary of State. [third column]. Giuseppe Garibaldi, military and political figure, and Italian national hero. Thomas Corwin, politician and 20th Secretary of the Treasury. John Middleton Clayton, politician and 18th Secretary of State. William Learned Marcy, politician, Secretary of War, and Secretary of State. Horatio McCullough, Scottish artist. George Bancroft, historian and 17th Secretary of the Navy; from a letter on mourning paper dated 22 June 1847 and written from 90 Eaton Square, London. Ulysses S. Grant, general and 18th President of the United States. [along edge]. William Henry Seward, Sr., politician and 24th Secretary of State, with Abraham Lincoln, lawyer, politician, and 16th President of the United States.